factorization (faktorisering)

Factorization means to decompose a number or polynomial into a product of other objects, called factors, which when multiplied together gives the original number or polynomial.

Ex. The number 16 = 2*2*2*2 when factorized into prime numbers. Since prime-numbers can’t be factorized it is the final stage of factorization of numbers.

Also polynomials can be factorized with e.g. the conjugate rule

x4 -1 = (x2-1)(x2+1) = (x-1)(x+1)(x2+1)

or with the theorem of factorization stating that the roots of a polynomial are also factors of that polynomial.


Consider the polynomial p(x) = (x-2)(x-3).

As can easily be seen the roots of p(x) are x = 2 and x = 3.

Multiplying the parentheses results in

p(x) = x2 – 5x + 6.


x2 – 5x + 6 = (x-2)(x-3)


Therefore the roots to this polynomial are also the factors of it!

Om mattelararen

Licentiate of Philosophy in atomic Physics Master of Science in Physics
Detta inlägg publicerades i Gymnasiematematik(high school math), matematik 1c och märktes , , . Bokmärk permalänken.

2 kommentarer till factorization (faktorisering)

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